Our interactive map shows you the scale and pervasiveness of the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian conflict. Building on years of painstaking work alongside our Syrian and international partners, our team at GPPi has compiled the most comprehensive dataset of incidents of chemical weapons use in Syria to date.
As of May 2020, it includes 349 confirmed attacks that have occurred since the first recorded incident in late 2012.
Our dataset includes ten distinct munition categories under the variable “Munition Type”. For filtering purposes, we chose to include only six of the ten identified munitions, as the research team has attributed these six types to specific incidents and included technical and contextual detail regarding their deployment in the munitions typology.
The other four munition types are based on indicative, rather than attributive, evidence: while different open, primary and secondary sources mention these four munitions, there is no clear evidence – physical, visual or otherwise – that allow us to definitely attribute and categorize these weapons.
A repurposed hand grenade originally designed for riot control agents and converted to deliver Sarin gas.
A non-standard artillery rocket derived from conventional improvised rocket-assisted munition (IRAM) designs.
A spin-stabilized artillery rocket originally manufactured by the Soviet Union.
An improvised air-delivered chlorine munition with at least seven identified subtypes, split here between an earlier iteration and the more recent barrel bomb design in use since 2016.
An improvised munition based on Iranian-made 107mm surface-to-surface rockets. Its design stems from conventional improvised rocket-assisted munition (IRAM) designs used in Iraq in the mid-2000s.
An unguided aerial munition derived from Soviet-era conventional aerial bombs with adjustments to accommodate chemical agents.